Point-dipole approximation for small systems of strongly coupled radiating nanorods

Watson, Derek W. and Jenkins, Stewart D. and Fedotov, Vassili A. and Ruostekoski, Janne (2019) Point-dipole approximation for small systems of strongly coupled radiating nanorods. Scientific Reports, 9. ISSN 2045-2322

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Abstract

Systems of closely-spaced resonators can be strongly coupled by interactions mediated by scattered electromagnetic fields. In large systems the resulting response has been shown to be more sensitive to these collective interactions than to the detailed structure of individual resonators. Attempts to describe such systems have resulted in point-dipole approximations to resonators that are computationally efficient for large resonator ensembles. Here we provide a detailed study for the validity of point dipole approximations in small systems of strongly coupled plasmonic nanorods, including the cases of both super-radiantand subradiant excitations, where the characteristics of the excitation depends on the spatial separation between the nanorods. We show that over an appreciable range of rod lengths centered on 210 nm, when the relative separation kl in terms of the resonance wave number of light k satisfies kl >pi/2, the point electric dipole model becomes accurate. However, when theresonators are closer, the finite-size and geometry of the resonators modifies the excitation modes, in particular the cooperative mode line shifts of the point dipole approximation begin to rapidly diverge at small separations. We also construct simplified effective models by describing a pair of nanorods as a single effective metamolecule.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Scientific Reports
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1000
Subjects:
ID Code:
133018
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
18 Apr 2019 13:10
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
27 Sep 2020 05:13