Toponym matching through deep neural networks

Santos, Rui and Murrieta-Flores, Patricia and Calado, Pável and Martins, Bruno (2017) Toponym matching through deep neural networks. International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 32 (2). pp. 324-348. ISSN 1365-8816

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Abstract

Toponym matching, i.e. pairing strings that represent the same real-world location, is a fundamental problemfor several practical applications. The current state-of-the-art relies on string similarity metrics, either specifically developed for matching place names or integrated within methods that combine multiple metrics. However, these methods all rely on common sub-strings in order to establish similarity, and they do not effectively capture the character replacements involved in toponym changes due to transliterations or to changes in language and culture over time. In this article, we present a novel matching approach, leveraging a deep neural network to classify pairs of toponyms as either matching or nonmatching. The proposed network architecture uses recurrent nodes to build representations from the sequences of bytes that correspond to the strings that are to be matched. These representations are then combined and passed to feed-forward nodes, finally leading to a classification decision. We present the results of a wide-ranging evaluation on the performance of the proposed method, using a large dataset collected from the GeoNames gazetteer. These results show that the proposed method can significantly outperform individual similarity metrics from previous studies, as well as previous methods based on supervised machine learning for combining multiple metrics.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
International Journal of Geographical Information Science
Additional Information:
This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in International Journal of Geographical Information Systems on 31/10/2017, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/13658816.2017.1390119
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3300/3309
Subjects:
ID Code:
89480
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
08 Jan 2018 10:16
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
29 Oct 2020 06:06