End-to-End Feature-Aware Label Space Encoding for Multilabel Classification With Many Classes

Lin, Zijia and Ding, Guiguang and Han, Jungong and Shao, Ling (2018) End-to-End Feature-Aware Label Space Encoding for Multilabel Classification With Many Classes. IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks, 29 (6). pp. 2472-2487. ISSN 1045-9227

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To make the problem of multilabel classification with many classes more tractable, in recent years, academia has seen efforts devoted to performing label space dimension reduction (LSDR). Specifically, LSDR encodes high-dimensional label vectors into low-dimensional code vectors lying in a latent space, so as to train predictive models at much lower costs. With respect to the prediction, it performs classification for any unseen instance by recovering a label vector from its predicted code vector via a decoding process. In this paper, we propose a novel method, namely End-to-End Feature-aware label space Encoding (E²FE), to perform LSDR. Instead of requiring an encoding function like most previous works, E²FE directly learns a code matrix formed by code vectors of the training instances in an end-to-end manner. Another distinct property of E²FE is its feature awareness attributable to the fact that the code matrix is learned by jointly maximizing the recoverability of the label space and the predictability of the latent space. Based on the learned code matrix, E²FE further trains predictive models to map instance features into code vectors, and also learns a linear decoding matrix for efficiently recovering the label vector of any unseen instance from its predicted code vector. Theoretical analyses show that both the code matrix and the linear decoding matrix in E²FE can be efficiently learned. Moreover, similar to previous works, E²FE can be specified to learn an encoding function. And it can also be extended with kernel tricks to handle nonlinear correlations between the feature space and the latent space. Comprehensive experiments conducted on diverse benchmark data sets with many classes show consistent performance gains of E²FE over the state-of-the-art methods.

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Journal Article
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IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks
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06 Oct 2017 19:34
Last Modified:
20 Sep 2023 01:04