Ecological impacts of atmospheric pollution and interactions with climate change in terrestrial ecosystems of the Mediterranean Basin:Current research and future directions

Ochoa-Hueso, Raúl and Munzi, Silvana and Alonso, Rocio and Arroniz-Crespo, Maria and Avila, Anna and Bermejo, Victoria and Bobbink, Roland and Branquinho, Cristina and Concostrina-Zubiri, Laura and Cruz, Cristina and Cruz de Carvalho, Ricardo and De Marco, Alessandra and Dias, Teresa and Elustondo, David and Elvira, Susana and Estebanez, Belen and Fusaro, Lina and Gerosa, Giacomo and Izquieta-Rojano, Sheila and Cascio, Mauro Lo and Marzuoli, Riccardo and Matos, Paula and Mereu, Simone and Merino, Jose and Morillas, Lourdes and Nunes, Alice and Paoletti, Elena and Paoli, Luca and Pinho, Pedro and Rogers, Isabel and Santos, Arthur and Sicard, Pierre and Stevens, Carly Joanne and Theobald, Mark R. (2017) Ecological impacts of atmospheric pollution and interactions with climate change in terrestrial ecosystems of the Mediterranean Basin:Current research and future directions. Environmental Pollution, 227. pp. 194-206. ISSN 0269-7491

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Abstract

Mediterranean Basin ecosystems, their unique biodiversity, and the key services they provide are currently at risk due to air pollution and climate change, yet only a limited number of isolated and geographically-restricted studies have addressed this topic, often with contrasting results. Particularities of air pollution in this region include high O3 levels due to high air temperatures and solar radiation, the stability of air masses, and dominance of dry over wet nitrogen deposition. Moreover, the unique abiotic and biotic factors (e.g., climate, vegetation type, relevance of Saharan dust inputs) modulating the response of Mediterranean ecosystems at various spatiotemporal scales make it difficult to understand, and thus predict, the consequences of human activities that cause air pollution in the Mediterranean Basin. Therefore, there is an urgent need to implement coordinated research and experimental platforms along with wider environmental monitoring networks in the region. In particular, a robust deposition monitoring network in conjunction with modelling estimates is crucial, possibly including a set of common biomonitors (ideally cryptogams, an important component of the Mediterranean vegetation), to help refine pollutant deposition maps. Additionally, increased attention must be paid to functional diversity measures in future air pollution and climate change studies to establish the necessary link between biodiversity and the provision of ecosystem services in Mediterranean ecosystems. Through a coordinated effort, the Mediterranean scientific community can fill the above-mentioned gaps and reach a greater understanding of the mechanisms underlying the combined effects of air pollution and climate change in the Mediterranean Basin.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Environmental Pollution
Additional Information:
This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Environmental Pollution. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Environmental Pollution, 227, 2017 DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2017.04.062
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3000/3005
Subjects:
ID Code:
86451
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
02 Jun 2017 08:22
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
23 Sep 2020 03:32