Potential applications of subseasonal-to-seasonal (S2S) predictions

White, Christopher J. and Carlsen, Henrik and Robertson, Andrew W. and Klein, Richard J.t. and Lazo, Jeffrey K. and Vitart, Frederic and Coughlan De Perez, Erin and Ray, Andrea J. and Murray, Virginia and Bharwani, Sukaina and Macleod, Dave and James, Rachel and Fleming, Lora and Morse, Andrew P. and Eggen, Bernd and Graham, Richard and Kjellström, Erik and Becker, Emily and Pegion, Kathleen V. and Holbrook, Neil J. and Mcevoy, Darryn and Depledge, Michael and Perkins-kirkpatrick, Sarah and Brown, Timothy J. and Street, Roger and Jones, Lindsey and Remenyi, Tomas A. and Hodgson-johnston, Indi and Buontempo, Carlo and Lamb, Rob and Meinke, Holger and Arheimer, Berit and Zebiak, Stephen E. (2017) Potential applications of subseasonal-to-seasonal (S2S) predictions. Meteorological Applications, 24 (3). pp. 315-325. ISSN 1350-4827

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While seasonal outlooks have been operational for many years, until recently the extended-range timescale referred to as subseasonal-to-seasonal (S2S) has received little attention. S2S prediction fills the gap between short-range weather prediction and long-range seasonal outlooks. Decisions in a range of sectors are made in this extended-range lead time; therefore, there is a strong demand for this new generation of forecasts. International efforts are under way to identify key sources of predictability, improve forecast skill and operationalize aspects of S2S forecasts; however, challenges remain in advancing this new frontier. If S2S predictions are to be used effectively, it is important that, along with science advances, an effort is made to develop, communicate and apply these forecasts appropriately. In this study, the emerging operational S2S forecasts are presented to the wider weather and climate applications community by undertaking the first comprehensive review of sectoral applications of S2S predictions, including public health, disaster preparedness, water management, energy and agriculture. The value of applications-relevant S2S predictions is explored, and the opportunities and challenges facing their uptake are highlighted. It is shown how social sciences can be integrated with S2S development, from communication to decision-making and valuation of forecasts, to enhance the benefits of ‘climate services’ approaches for extended-range forecasting. While S2S forecasting is at a relatively early stage of development, it is concluded that it presents a significant new window of opportunity that can be explored for application-ready capabilities that could allow many sectors the opportunity to systematically plan on a new time horizon.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Meteorological Applications
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This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: White, C. J., Carlsen, H., Robertson, A. W., Klein, R. J.T., Lazo, J. K., Kumar, A., Vitart, F., Coughlan de Perez, E., Ray, A. J., Murray, V., Bharwani, S., MacLeod, D., James, R., Fleming, L., Morse, A. P., Eggen, B., Graham, R., Kjellström, E., Becker, E., Pegion, K. V., Holbrook, N. J., McEvoy, D., Depledge, M., Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S., Brown, T. J., Street, R., Jones, L., Remenyi, T. A., Hodgson-Johnston, I., Buontempo, C., Lamb, R., Meinke, H., Arheimer, B. and Zebiak, S. E. (2017), Potential applications of subseasonal-to-seasonal (S2S) predictions. Met. Apps, 24: 315–325. doi:10.1002/met.1654 which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/met.1654/abstract This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.
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26 Apr 2017 11:04
Last Modified:
15 Sep 2023 00:34