Thermodynamics of weakly measured quantum systems

Alonso, Jose Joaquin and Lutz, Eric and Romito, Alessandro (2016) Thermodynamics of weakly measured quantum systems. Physical review letters, 116 (8). ISSN 1079-7114

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1508.00438v2 - Accepted Version
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We consider continuously monitored quantum systems and introduce definitions of work and heat along individual quantum trajectories that are valid for coherent superpositions of energy eigenstates. We use these quantities to extend the first and second laws of stochastic thermodynamics to the quantum domain. We illustrate our results with the case of a weakly measured driven two-level system and show how to distinguish between quantum work and heat contributions. We finally employ quantum feedback control to suppress detector backaction and determine the work statistics.

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Journal Article
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Physical review letters
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Deposited On:
02 Mar 2017 13:40
Last Modified:
06 Jul 2022 00:39