Improving first order temporal fact extraction with unreliable data

Luo, Bingfeng and Feng, Yansong and Wang, Zheng and Zhao, Dongyan (2016) Improving first order temporal fact extraction with unreliable data. In: Natural Language Understanding and Intelligent Applications. Lecture Notes in Computer Science . Springer, Cham, pp. 251-262. ISBN 9783319504957

PDF (141)
141.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial.

Download (655kB)


In this paper, we deal with the task of extracting first order temporal facts from free text. This task is a subtask of relation extraction and it aims at extracting relations between entity and time. Currently, the field of relation extraction mainly focuses on extracting relations between entities. However, we observe that the multi-granular nature of time expressions can help us divide the dataset constructed by distant supervision to reliable and less reliable subsets, which can help to improve the extraction results on relations between entity and time. We accordingly contribute the first dataset focusing on the first order temporal fact extraction task using distant supervision. To fully utilize both the reliable and the less reliable data, we propose to use curriculum learning to rearrange the training procedure, label dropout to make the model be more conservative about less reliable data, and instance attention to help the model distinguish important instances from unimportant ones. Experiments show that these methods help the model outperform the model trained purely on the reliable dataset as well as the model trained on the dataset where all subsets are mixed together.

Item Type:
Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings
Additional Information:
The final publication is available at Springer via
ID Code:
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
05 Jan 2017 09:40
Last Modified:
18 Sep 2023 02:36