Reducing sensor complexity for monitoring wind turbine performance using principal component analysis

Wang, Yifei and Ma, Xiandong and Joyce, Malcolm John (2016) Reducing sensor complexity for monitoring wind turbine performance using principal component analysis. Renewable Energy, 97. 444–456. ISSN 0960-1481

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Availability and reliability are among the priority concerns for deployment of distributed generation (DG) systems, particularly when operating in a harsh environment. Condition monitoring (CM) can meet the requirement but has been challenged by large amounts of data needing to be processed in real time due to the large number of sensors being deployed. This paper proposes an optimal sensor selection method based on principal component analysis (PCA) for condition monitoring of a DG system oriented to wind turbines. The research was motivated by the fact that salient patterns in multivariable datasets can be extracted by PCA in order to identify monitoring parameters that contribute the most to the system variation. The proposed method is able to correlate the particular principal component to the corresponding monitoring variable, and hence facilitate the right sensor selection for the first time for the condition monitoring of wind turbines. The algorithms are examined with simulation data from PSCAD/EMTDC and SCADA data from an operational wind farm in the time, frequency, and instantaneous frequency domains. The results have shown that the proposed technique can reduce the number of monitoring variables whilst still maintaining sufficient information to detect the faults and hence assess the system’s conditions.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Renewable Energy
Additional Information:
This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Renewable Energy. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Renewable Energy, 97, 2016 DOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2016.06.006
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? principal component analysis (pca)feature extractioncondition monitoringwind turbinedistributed generationrenewable energy, sustainability and the environment ??
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Deposited On:
15 Jun 2016 14:54
Last Modified:
05 Feb 2024 00:37