Elek, Gabor
(2016)
*Lamplighter groups and von Neumann's continuous regular rings.*
Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society, 144.
pp. 2871-2883.
ISSN 0002-9939

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## Abstract

Let Γ be a discrete group. Following Linnell and Schick one can define a continuous ring c(Γ) associated with Γ. They proved that if the Atiyah Conjecture holds for a torsion-free group Γ, then c(Γ) is a skew field. Also, if Γ has torsion and the Strong Atiyah Conjecture holds for Γ, then c(Γ) is a matrix ring over a skew field. The simplest example when the Strong Atiyah Conjecture fails is the lamplighter group Γ = Z2 ≀ Z. It is known that C(Z2 ≀ Z) does not even have a classical ring of quotients. Our main result is that if H is amenable, then c(Z2 ≀H) is isomorphic to a continuous ring constructed by John von Neumann in the 1930′s.