Reconstructing time-dependent dynamics

Clemson, Philip and Lancaster, Gemma and Stefanovska, Aneta (2016) Reconstructing time-dependent dynamics. Proceedings of the IEEE, 104 (2). pp. 223-241. ISSN 0018-9219

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The usefulness of the information extracted from biomedical data relies heavily on the underlying theory of the methods used in its extraction. The assumptions of stationarity and autonomicity traditionally applied to dynamical systems break down when considering living systems, due to their inherent time-variability. Living systems are thermodynamically open, and thus constantly interacting with their environment. This results in highly nonlinear, time-dependent dynamics. The aim of signal analysis is to gain insight into the behaviour of the system from which the signal originated. Here, various analysis methods for the characterization of signals and their underlying non-autonomous dynamics are presented, incorporating time-frequency analysis, time-domain decomposition of nonlinear modes, and methods to study mutual interactions and couplings using dynamical Bayesian inference, wavelet-bispectral and time-localised coherence, and entropy and information-based analysis. The recent introduction of chronotaxic systems provides a theoretical framework in which dynamical systems can have amplitudes and frequencies which are time-varying, yet stable, matching well the characteristics of living systems. We demonstrate that considering this theory of chronotaxic systems whilst applying the presented methods results in an approach for the reconstruction of the dynamics of living systems across many scales.

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Journal Article
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Proceedings of the IEEE
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18 Jun 2015 05:45
Last Modified:
15 May 2024 02:28