Gravitational waves from preheating in M-flation

Ashoorioon, Amjad and Fung, Brandon and Mann, Robert and Oltean, Marius and Sheikh-Jabbari, Mohammad M. (2014) Gravitational waves from preheating in M-flation. Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, 2014 (3). ISSN 1475-7516

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Matrix inflation, or M-flation, is a string theory motivated inflationary model with three scalar field matrices and gauge fields in the adjoint representation of the $\mathbf{U}(N)$ gauge group. One of these $3N^2$ scalars appears as the effective inflaton while the rest of the fields (scalar and gauge fields) can play the role of isocurvature fields during inflation and preheat fields afterwards. There is a region in parameter space and initial field values, "the hilltop region," where predictions of the model are quite compatible with the recent \textit{Planck} data. We show that in this hilltop region, if the inflaton ends up in the supersymmetric vacuum, the model can have an embedded preheating mechanism. % only if inflation happens around the supersymmetric vacuum. % Couplings of the preheat modes are related to the inflaton self-couplings and therefore are known from the CMB data. Through lattice simulations performed using a symplectic integrator, we numerically compute the power spectra of gravitational waves produced during the preheating stage following M-flation. The preliminary numerical simulation of the spectrum from multi-preheat fields peaks in the GHz band with an amplitude $\Omega_{\mathrm{gw}}h^{2} \propto 10^{-16}$, suggesting that the model has concrete predictions for the ultra-high frequency gravity-wave probes. This signature could be used to distinguish the model from rival inflationary models.

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Journal Article
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Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
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Article funded by SCOAP3. Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.
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28 May 2014 08:01
Last Modified:
21 Sep 2023 01:44