Multimer formation in one-dimensional two-component gases and trimer phase in the asymmetric attractive Hubbard model

Roux, Guillaume and Burovski, Evgeni and Jolicoeur, Thierry (2011) Multimer formation in one-dimensional two-component gases and trimer phase in the asymmetric attractive Hubbard model. Physical review a, 83 (5). -. ISSN 1050-2947

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Abstract

We consider two-component one-dimensional quantum gases at special imbalanced commensurabilities which lead to the formation of multimer (multiparticle bound-states) as the dominant order parameter. Luttinger liquid theory supports a mode-locking mechanism in which mass (or velocity) asymmetry is identified as the key ingredient to stabilize such states. While the scenario is valid both in the continuum and on a lattice, the effects of umklapp terms relevant for densities commensurate with the lattice spacing are also mentioned. These ideas are illustrated and confronted with the physics of the asymmetric (mass-imbalanced) fermionic Hubbard model with attractive interactions and densities such that a trimer phase can be stabilized. Phase diagrams are computed using density-matrix renormalization group techniques, showing the important role of the total density in achieving the latter phase. The effective physics of the trimer gas is studied as well. Last, the effect of a parabolic confinement and the emergence of a crystal phase of trimers are briefly addressed. This model has connections with the physics of imbalanced two-component fermionic gases and Bose-Fermi mixtures as the latter gives a good phenomenological description of the numerics in the strong-coupling regime.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Physical review a
Additional Information:
©2011 American Physical Society
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/researchoutput/libraryofcongress/qc
Subjects:
ID Code:
54513
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
24 May 2012 15:41
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
14 Jul 2020 03:09