A dynamic neural field model of vowel diphthongisation

Kirkham, Sam and Strycharczuk, Patrycja (2024) A dynamic neural field model of vowel diphthongisation. In: Proceedings of the 13th International Seminar on Speech Production :. International Speech Communication Association, FRA, pp. 205-208.

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Abstract

We advance a computational model of vowel diphthongisation that situates phonological representations in dynamic neural fields (DNFs), which represent the time-varying activation of neural populations that are sensitive to a given phonetic parameter range. We model all long vowels as two separate inputs to the DNF, with input timing governed by a coupled oscillator model that generates an anti-phase relationship between inputs. The location of time-varying maximum activation in the DNF forms a noisy dynamic target, which is used as input to a task dynamic model of gestural coordination. We find that spatial characteristics of long vowels are well captured by the model, which exhibits gradient variation between monophthongs and diphthongs. We also show that a simplified model of production/perception can simulate changes in a speaker’s phonological planning representations, which could represent a mechnnism behind sound change if transmitted across a community.

Item Type:
Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Research Output Funding/yes_externally_funded
Subjects:
?? yes - externally fundedno ??
ID Code:
220278
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
23 May 2024 13:05
Refereed?:
No
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
16 Jul 2024 05:28