Identifying physiological and genetic determinants of faba bean transpiration response to evaporative demand

Mandour, Hend and Khazaei, Hamid and Stoddard, Frederick L and Dodd, Ian C (2023) Identifying physiological and genetic determinants of faba bean transpiration response to evaporative demand. Annals of Botany, 131 (3). pp. 533-544. ISSN 0305-7364

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Limiting maximum transpiration rate (TR) under high vapour pressure deficit (VPD) works as a water conservation strategy. While some breeding programmes have incorporated this trait into some crops to boost yields in water-limited environments, its underlying physiological mechanisms and genetic regulation remain unknown for faba bean (Vicia faba). Thus, we aimed to identify genetic variation in the TR response to VPD in a population of faba bean recombinant inbred lines (RILs) derived from two parental lines with contrasting water use (Mélodie/2 and ILB 938/2). METHODS: Plants were grown in well-watered soil in a climate-controlled glasshouse with diurnally fluctuating VPD and light conditions. Whole plant transpiration was measured in a gas exchange chamber that tightly regulated VPD around the shoot under constant light, while whole-plant hydraulic conductance and its components (root and stem hydraulic conductance) were calculated from dividing TR by water potential gradients measured with a pressure chamber. KEY RESULTS: Although TR of Mélodie/2 increased linearly with VPD, ILB 938/2 limited its TR above 2.0 kPa. Nevertheless, Mélodie/2 had a higher leaf water potential than ILB 938/2 at both low (1.0 kPa) and high (3.2 kPa) VPD. Almost 90 % of the RILs limited their TR at high VPD with a break-point (BP) range of 1.5-3.0 kPa and about 10 % had a linear TR response to VPD. Thirteen genomic regions contributing to minimum and maximum transpiration, and whole-plant and root hydraulic conductance, were identified on chromosomes 1 and 3, while one locus associated with BP transpiration was identified on chromosome 5. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides insight into the physiological and genetic control of transpiration in faba bean and opportunities for marker-assisted selection to improve its performance in water-limited environments.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Annals of Botany
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1100/1110
Subjects:
?? plant scienceplant science ??
ID Code:
186787
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
16 Feb 2023 17:00
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
14 Jun 2024 01:30