Intermolecular coupling enhanced thermopower in single- molecule diketopyrrolopyrrole junctions

Fang, Chao and Almughathawi, Renad and Wu, Qingqing and Cao, Wenqiang and Chen, Hang and Hou, Songjun and Gu, Yu and Zhang, Hewei and Zhao, Yi and Zheng, Jueting and Li, Guopeng and Shi, Jia and Liu, Junyang and Mao, Bing-Wei and Liu, Zitong and Lambert, Colin and Hong, Wenjing (2023) Intermolecular coupling enhanced thermopower in single- molecule diketopyrrolopyrrole junctions. National Science Open, 2 (1): 20220039.

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Sorting out organic molecules with high thermopower is essential for understanding molecular thermoelectrics. The intermolecular coupling offers a unique chance to enhance the thermopower by tuning the bandgap structure of molecular devices, but the investigation of intermolecular coupling in bulk materials remains challenging. Herein, we investigated the thermopower of diketopyrrolopyrrole (DPP) cored single-molecule junctions with different coupling strengths by varying the packing density of the self-assembled monolayers (SAM) using a customized scanning tunneling microscope break junction (STM-BJ) technique. We found that the thermopower of DPP molecules could be enhanced up to one order of magnitude with increasing packing density, suggesting that the thermopower increases with larger neighboring intermolecular interactions. The combined density functional theory (DFT) calculations revealed that the closely-packed configuration brings stronger intermolecular coupling and then reduces the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO)-lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) gap, leading to an enhanced thermopower. Our findings offer a new strategy for developing organic thermoelectric devices with high thermopower.

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Journal Article
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National Science Open
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20 Dec 2022 09:25
Last Modified:
29 Mar 2024 01:28