Higher-Order Approximation of IV Estimators with Invalid Instruments

Kang, David (2022) Higher-Order Approximation of IV Estimators with Invalid Instruments. Econometric Theory. ISSN 0266-4666 (In Press)

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This paper analyzes the higher-order approximation of instrumental variable (IV) estimators in a linear homoskedastic IV regression model when a large set of instruments with potential invalidity is present. We establish theoretical results on the higher-order mean square error (MSE) approximation of the two-stage least squares (2SLS), the limited information maximum likelihood (LIML), the Fuller (FULL), the bias-adjusted 2SLS (B2SLS), and jackknife version of the LIML and FULL (HLIM/HFUL) estimators by allowing for local violations of the instrument exogeneity conditions. Based on the approximation to the higher-order MSE, we consider the instrument selection criteria that can be used to choose among the set of available instruments. We demonstrate the asymptotic optimality of the instrument selection procedure proposed by Donald and Newey (2001, \textit{Econometrica}) in the presence of locally (faster than N^{-1/2}) invalid instruments in the sense that the dominant term in the MSE with the chosen instrument is asymptotically equivalent to the infeasible optimum. Further, we propose instrument selection procedures to choose instruments among the sets of conservative (known) valid instruments and potentially locally (N^{-1/2}) invalid instruments based on the higher-order MSE of the IV estimators by considering the bias-variance tradeoff.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Econometric Theory
Additional Information:
This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Econometric Theory. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? hfuleconomics and econometricssocial sciences (miscellaneous)applied mathematicshistory and philosophy of sciencec13c26c36c52 ??
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Deposited On:
10 Nov 2022 11:05
In Press
Last Modified:
12 Jan 2024 00:23