Proactive Interference-aware Resource Management in Deep Learning Training Cluster

Yeung, Ging-Fung and Garraghan, Peter and Friday, Adrian (2022) Proactive Interference-aware Resource Management in Deep Learning Training Cluster. PhD thesis, Lancaster University.

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Deep Learning (DL) applications are growing at an unprecedented rate across many domains, ranging from weather prediction, map navigation to medical imaging. However, training these deep learning models in large-scale compute clusters face substantial challenges in terms of low cluster resource utilisation and high job waiting time. State-of-the-art DL cluster resource managers are needed to increase GPU utilisation and maximise throughput. While co-locating DL jobs within the same GPU has been shown to be an effective means towards achieving this, co-location subsequently incurs performance interference resulting in job slowdown. We argue that effective workload placement can minimise DL cluster interference at scheduling runtime by understanding the DL workload characteristics and their respective hardware resource consumption. However, existing DL cluster resource managers reserve isolated GPUs to perform online profiling to directly measure GPU utilisation and kernel patterns for each unique submitted job. Such a feedback-based reactive approach results in additional waiting times as well as reduced cluster resource efficiency and availability. In this thesis, we propose Horus: an interference-aware and prediction-based DL cluster resource manager. Through empirically studying a series of microbenchmarks and DL workload co-location combinations across heterogeneous GPU hardware, we demonstrate the negative effects of performance interference when colocating DL workload, and identify GPU utilisation as a general proxy metric to determine good placement decisions. From these findings, we design Horus, which in contrast to existing approaches, proactively predicts GPU utilisation of heterogeneous DL workload extrapolated from the DL model computation graph features when performing placement decisions, removing the need for online profiling and isolated reserved GPUs. By conducting empirical experimentation within a medium-scale DL cluster as well as a large-scale trace-driven simulation of a production system, we demonstrate Horus improves cluster GPU utilisation, reduces cluster makespan and waiting time, and can scale to operate within hundreds of machines.

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Thesis (PhD)
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22 Jun 2022 10:35
Last Modified:
07 May 2024 23:29