Algorithmic Developments in Two-Stage Robust Scheduling

Bold, Matthew (2022) Algorithmic Developments in Two-Stage Robust Scheduling. PhD thesis, UNSPECIFIED.

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This thesis considers the modelling and solving of a range of scheduling problems, with a particular focus on the use of robust optimisation for scheduling in two-stage decision-making contexts. One key contribution of this thesis is the development of a new compact robust counterpart for the resource-constrained project scheduling problem with uncertain activity durations. Resource conflicts must be resolved under the assumption of budgeted uncertainty, but start times can be determined once the activity durations become known. This formulation is also applied to the multi-mode version of this problem. In both cases, computational results show the clear dominance of the new formulation over the prior decomposition-based state-of-the-art methods. This thesis also demonstrates the first application of the recoverable robust framework to single machine scheduling. Two variants of this problem are considered, in which a first-stage schedule is constructed subject to uncertain job processing times, but can be amended in some limited way following the realisation of these processing times. The first of these problems is considered under general polyhedral uncertainty. Key results concerning the second-stage subproblem are derived, resulting in three formulations to the full problem which are compared computationally. The second of these problems considers interval uncertainty but allows for a more general recovery action. A 2-approximation is derived and the performance of a proposed greedy algorithm is examined in a series of computational experiments. In addition to these results on two-stage robust scheduling problems, a new deterministic resource-constrained project scheduling model is developed which, for the first time, combines both generalised precedence constraints and flexible resource allocation. This model is introduced specifically for the application of scheduling the decommissioning of the Sellafield nuclear site. A genetic algorithm is proposed to solve this model, and its performance is compared against a mixedinteger programming formulation.

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Thesis (PhD)
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22 Jun 2022 08:55
Last Modified:
18 Oct 2023 00:07