Reducing Demand for Overexploited Wildlife Products:Lessons from Systematic Reviews from Outside Conservation Science

MacFarlane, Douglas and Hurlstone, Mark and Ecker, Ullrich and Ferraro, Paul and van der Linden, Sander and Wan, Anita and Verissimo, Diogo and Burgess, Gayle and Chen, Frederick and Hollands, Gareth and Sutherland, William (2022) Reducing Demand for Overexploited Wildlife Products:Lessons from Systematic Reviews from Outside Conservation Science. Conservation Science and Practice, 4 (3).

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Abstract

Conservationists have long sought to reduce consumer demand for products from overexploited wildlife species. Health practitioners have also begun calling for reductions in the wildlife trade to reduce pandemic risk. Most wildlife-focused demand reduction campaigns have lacked rigorous evaluations and thus their impacts remain unknown. There is thus an urgent need to review the evidence from beyond conservation science to inform future demand-reduction efforts. We searched for systematic reviews of interventions that aimed to reduce consumer demand for products that are harmful (e.g., cigarettes and illicit drugs). In total, 41 systematic reviews were assessed, and their data extracted. Mass-media campaigns and incentive programs were, on average, ineffective. While advertising bans, social marketing, and location bans were promising, there was insufficient robust evidence to draw firm conclusions. In contrast, the evidence for the effectiveness of norm appeals and risk warnings was stronger, with some caveats.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Conservation Science and Practice
Subjects:
ID Code:
164620
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
14 Jan 2022 12:23
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
22 Nov 2022 10:56