Improved Model for Beam-Wave Interaction with Ohmic Losses and Reflections of Sheet Beam Traveling Wave Tubes

Tian, Hanwen and Shi, Ningjie and Wang, Zhanliang and Wang, Shaomeng and Duan, Zhaoyun and Gong, Huarong and Lu, Zhigang and Paoloni, Claudio and Feng, Jinjun and Gong, Yubin (2021) Improved Model for Beam-Wave Interaction with Ohmic Losses and Reflections of Sheet Beam Traveling Wave Tubes. IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices. ISSN 0018-9383

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Abstract

In this article, an improved model for the beam-wave interaction of sheet beam in traveling wave tubes (TWTs) considering ohmic losses and reflections is presented. The ohmic losses are obtained by field analysis and equivalent method. The space charge magnetic field is derived from the active Helmholtz's equation. An algorithm to obtain the S-matrix by the equivalent circuit method is presented. The relativistic Boris method is applied to accelerate macroparticles. The exchanged power is computed by the work the electromagnetic field applied to the macroparticles. The theoretical model is applied for validation to a G-band staggered double vane TWT and validated in comparison with CST Particle Studio and simulations without losses and reflections. The convergence of this algorithm is also discussed. The simulation time of the model is substantial faster than 3-D particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices
Additional Information:
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Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2200/2208
Subjects:
ID Code:
154794
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
10 May 2021 13:10
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
23 Jun 2021 04:25