Effects of Bruising of ‘Pink Lady’ Apple Under Impact Loading in Drop Test on Firmness, Colour and Gas Exchange of Fruit During Long Term Storage

Celik, H Kursat and Ustun, Hayri and Erkan, Mustafa and Rennie, Allan and Akinci, Ibrahim (2021) Effects of Bruising of ‘Pink Lady’ Apple Under Impact Loading in Drop Test on Firmness, Colour and Gas Exchange of Fruit During Long Term Storage. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 179: 111561. ISSN 0925-5214

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The bruising phenomenon of apple fruit under impact loading is still a very important problem to be solved in order to design optimal harvest and processing systems and for ensuring the quality of the fruit during long-term periods of storage. This study focused on deformation simulation of apples (cv. ’Pink Lady’) under dynamic impact loading during drop tests in order to describe time-dependent bruising occurrence and the bruising effect on the postharvest fruit quality during long-term storage. In the study, analytical, experimental methods and finite element analysis based explicit dynamics simulation techniques were employed. Three drop heights (250 mm, 500 mm and 750 mm) and three impact materials (structural steel, high-density polyethylene and wood) and single fruit orientation (transverse) for the drop tests were considered. Experimental drop test, physical and chromatographic analyses at the time of harvest (first testing day) and during storage periods of 30, 120 and 210 days were realised. Physical and chromatographic analyses revealed that damaged apples lost a greater amount of weight when considering the increase in drop height. Furthermore, bruised surfaces of apples lost their luminosity just after the drop test. Ethylene production and respiration rates rapidly increased just after the fruit bruising and this increase was correlated with the drop height. Additionally, material tests revealed the yield stress point of the apple as 0.385 MPa and the simulation results provided useful visuals and numerical data related to the time-dependent bruising phenomenon. The validation study on the experimental and simulation setup revealed that bruising surface area is a more accurate measurement than bruise volume when evaluating bruising on the fruit flesh through a numerical method-based simulation study (average relative difference: 5.5%).

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Postharvest Biology and Technology
Additional Information:
This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Postharvest Biology and Technology. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Postharvest Biology and Technology, 179, 2021 DOI: 10.1016/j.postharvbio.2021.111561
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? pink ladyapplebruisingqualitydrop testfinite element analysisfood sciencehorticultureagronomy and crop science ??
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Deposited On:
05 May 2021 12:45
Last Modified:
13 Nov 2023 00:26