Improving the longevity of optically-read quantum dot physical unclonable functions

Longmate, Kieran and Abdelazim, Nema and Ball, Elliott and Majaniemi, Joonas and Young, Robert (2021) Improving the longevity of optically-read quantum dot physical unclonable functions. Scientific Reports, 11. ISSN 2045-2322

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Abstract

Quantum dot physically unclonable functions (QD-PUFs) provide a promising solution to the issue of counterfeiting. When quantum dots are deposited on a surface to create a token, they form a unique pattern that is unlikely to ever be reproduced in another token that is manufactured using the same process. It would also be an extreme engineering challenge to deterministically place quantum dots to create a forgery of a specific device. The degradation of the optical response of quantum dots over time, however, places a limitation on their practical usefulness. Here we report methods to minimise the degradation of photoluminescence (PL) from InP/ZnS quantum dots suspended in a polymer and demonstrates reliable authentication using a fingerprinting technique to extract a signature from PL, even after significant degradation has occurred. Using these techniques, it was found that the addition of a polylauryl methacrylate (PLMA) copolymer improved the longevity of devices. The best performing example of this was the Polystyrene-PLMA based material. From this, it is projected that 1,000 bits of information could be extracted and read after a period of years, therefore providing a compelling solution to the issue of counterfeiting.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Scientific Reports
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1000
Subjects:
ID Code:
154280
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
27 Apr 2021 08:35
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
20 Jun 2021 06:15