The Fundamental Plane in the LEGA-C Survey:unraveling the $M/L$ variations of massive star-forming and quiescent galaxies at $z\sim0.8$

Graaff, Anna de and Bezanson, Rachel and Franx, Marijn and Wel, Arjen van der and Holden, Bradford and Sande, Jesse van de and Bell, Eric F. and D'Eugenio, Francesco and Maseda, Michael V. and Muzzin, Adam and Sobral, David and Straatman, Caroline M. S. and Wu, Po-Feng (2021) The Fundamental Plane in the LEGA-C Survey:unraveling the $M/L$ variations of massive star-forming and quiescent galaxies at $z\sim0.8$. The Astrophysical Journal. ISSN 0004-637X (In Press)

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Abstract

We explore the connection between the kinematics, structures and stellar populations of massive galaxies at $0.610.5$) galaxies that span a wide range in morphology, star formation activity and environment, and therefore is representative of the massive galaxy population at $z\sim0.8$. We find that quiescent and star-forming galaxies occupy the parameter space of the $g$-band FP differently and thus have different distributions in the dynamical mass-to-light ratio ($M_{\rm dyn}/L_g$), largely owing to differences in the stellar age and recent star formation history, and, to a lesser extent, the effects of dust attenuation. In contrast, we show that both star-forming and quiescent galaxies lie on the same mass FP at $z\sim 0.8$, with a comparable level of intrinsic scatter about the plane. We examine the variation in $M_{\rm dyn}/M_*$ through the thickness of the mass FP, finding no significant residual correlations with stellar population properties, S\'ersic index, or galaxy overdensity. Our results suggest that, at fixed size and velocity dispersion, the variations in $M_{\rm dyn}/L_g$ of massive galaxies reflect an approximately equal contribution of variations in $M_*/L_g$, and variations in the dark matter fraction or initial mass function.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
The Astrophysical Journal
Additional Information:
32 pages, 19 figures (including appendices); accepted for publication in ApJ
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1900/1912
Subjects:
ID Code:
153510
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
13 Apr 2021 13:05
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
In Press
Last Modified:
02 Jun 2021 00:12