VP2 virus-like particles elicit protective immunity against duckling short beak and dwarfism syndrome in ducks

Xiao, S. and Wang, S. and Jiang, D. and Cheng, X. and Zhu, X. and Lin, F. and Yu, B. and Dong, H. and Wang, X. and Munir, M. and Rohaim, M.A. and Chen, S. and Chen, Shaoying (2021) VP2 virus-like particles elicit protective immunity against duckling short beak and dwarfism syndrome in ducks. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases. ISSN 1865-1674

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Abstract

Duckling short beak and dwarfism syndrome virus (SBDSV), an emerging goose parvovirus, has caused short beak and dwarfism syndrome (SBDS) in Chinese duck flocks since 2015. Presently, there is no commercial vaccine against SBDS. In the present study, a virus-like particle (VLP)-based candidate vaccine was developed against this disease. A baculovirus expression system was used to express the SBDSV VP2 protein in Sf9 cells. Immunofluorescence assay, sodium dodecyl sulphate–polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and Western blotting were used to confirm protein expression. Furthermore, transmission electron microscopy was used to observe the formation of VLPs. VLPs were formulated into an oil-adjuvanted maternal vaccine to evaluate humoral responses in breeding ducks via latex particle agglutination inhibition assay (LPAI) and microneutralization assay. The offspring were challenged with SBDSV to test the protective efficacy. A single dose of SBDSV was able to induce the high level of LPAI antibodies in ducks, with LPAI and neutralization peak titres of 4.9 ± 1.20 log2 and 7.1 ± 1.20 log2, respectively, at 4 weeks post-vaccination (wpv). The average LPAI titre of yolk antibodies in duck eggs receiving 2 doses (first and boost doses) of the vaccine was 5.3 ± 1.09 log2 at 4 weeks post-boost. The protective efficacy of the maternal vaccine was 87.5%–100%. These results indicate that SBDSV VLPs can be a promising vaccine candidate for controlling SBDS.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
Additional Information:
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Xiao, S, Wang, S, Jiang, D, et al. VP2 virus‐like particles elicit protective immunity against duckling short beak and dwarfism syndrome in ducks. Transbound Emerg Dis. 2021; 00: 1– 9. https://doi.org/10.1111/tbed.14021 which has been published in final form at https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/tbed.14021 This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2400
Subjects:
ID Code:
152945
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
19 Mar 2021 10:50
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
16 Jun 2021 09:04