Urban soil microbial community and microbial-related carbon storage are severely limited by sealing

Correa Pereira, Marlon and O'Riordan, Roisin and Stevens, Carly (2021) Urban soil microbial community and microbial-related carbon storage are severely limited by sealing. Journal of Soils and Sediments, 21 (3). pp. 1455-1465. ISSN 1439-0108

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Abstract

Purpose Urbanisation causes changes in land use, from natural or rural to urban, leading to the sealing of soil and the replacement of vegetation by buildings, roads and pavements. The sealing process impacts soil properties and services and can lead to negative consequences for microbial attributes and processes in soil. At present, information about the microbial community following soil sealing is limited. As such, we investigated how changes in soil physical and chemical properties caused by sealing affect the soil microbial community and soil ecosystem services. Material and methods Soils were sampled beneath impervious pavements (sealed) and from adjacent pervious greenspace areas (unsealed). Soil properties (total C, total N, C:N ratio and water content) and microbial attributes (microbial biomass C, N-mineralisation and phospholipid fatty acids—PLFA) were measured and correlated. Results and discussion A reduction of total C, total N, and water content were observed in sealed soil, whilst the C:N ratio increased. Sealed soil also presented a reduction in microbial attributes, with low N-mineralisation revealing suppressed microbial activity. PLFA data presented positive correlations with total C, total N and water content, suggesting that the microbial community may be reduced in sealed soil as a response to soil properties. Furthermore, fungal:bacterial and gram-positive:gram-negative bacterial ratios were lower in sealed soil indicating degradation in C sequestration and a consequential effect on C storage. Conclusions Sealing causes notable changes in soil properties leading to subsequent impacts upon the microbial community and the reduction of microbial activity and soil C storage potential.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Soils and Sediments
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1900/1913
Subjects:
ID Code:
150879
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
19 Jan 2021 16:03
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
15 Apr 2021 04:12