Effects of phosphate shortage on root growth and hormone content of barley depend on capacity of the roots to accumulate aba

Vysotskaya, L. and Akhiyarova, G. and Feoktistova, A. and Akhtyamova, Z. and Korobova, A. and Ivanov, I. and Dodd, I. and Kuluev, B. and Kudoyarova, G. (2020) Effects of phosphate shortage on root growth and hormone content of barley depend on capacity of the roots to accumulate aba. Plants, 9 (12). pp. 1-17. ISSN 2223-7747

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Abstract

Although changes in root architecture in response to the environment can optimize mineral and water nutrient uptake, mechanisms regulating these changes are not well-understood. We investigated whether P deprivation effects on root development are mediated by abscisic acid (ABA) and its interactions with other hormones. The ABA-deficient barley mutant Az34 and its wild-type (WT) were grown in P-deprived and P-replete conditions, and hormones were measured in whole roots and root tips. Although P deprivation decreased growth in shoot mass similarly in both genotypes, only the WT increased primary root length and number of lateral roots. The effect was accompanied by ABA accumulation in root tips, a response not seen in Az34. Increased ABA in P-deprived WT was accompanied by decreased concentrations of cytokinin, an inhibitor of root extension. Furthermore, P-deficiency in the WT increased auxin concentration in whole root systems in association with increased root branching. In the ABA-deficient mutant, P-starvation failed to stimulate root elongation or promote branching, and there was no decline in cytokinin and no increase in auxin. The results demonstrate ABA’s ability to mediate in root growth responses to P starvation in barley, an effect linked to its effects on cytokinin and auxin concentrations.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Plants
Subjects:
ID Code:
150434
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
13 Jan 2021 14:20
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
26 Jan 2021 12:50