The distributional stress-energy quadrupole

Gratus, Jonathan and Pinto, Paolo and Talaganis, Spyridon (2020) The distributional stress-energy quadrupole. Classical and Quantum Gravity, 38 (3). ISSN 0264-9381

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We investigate stress-energy tensors constructed from the delta function on a worldline. We concentrate on quadrupoles as they make an excellent model for the dominant source of gravitational waves and have significant novel features. Unlike the dipole, we show that the quadrupole has 20 free components which are not determined by the properties of the stress-energy tensor. These need to be derived from an underlying model and we give an example motivated from a divergent-free dust. We show that the components corresponding to the partial derivatives representation of the quadrupole, have a gauge like freedom. We give the change of coordinate formula which involves second derivatives and two integrals. We also show how to define the quadrupole without reference to a coordinate systems or a metric. For the representation using covariant derivatives, we show how to split a quadrupole into a pure monopole, pure dipole and pure quadrupole in a coordinate free way.

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Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Classical and Quantum Gravity
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Deposited On:
08 Dec 2020 15:55
Last Modified:
28 Sep 2023 00:29