First results on ProtoDUNE-SP liquid argon time projection chamber performance from a beam test at the CERN Neutrino Platform

, DUNE Collaboration and Blake, A. and Brailsford, D. and Cross, R. and Nowak, J. A. and Ratoff, P. (2020) First results on ProtoDUNE-SP liquid argon time projection chamber performance from a beam test at the CERN Neutrino Platform. Journal of Instrumentation. ISSN 1748-0221

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Abstract

The ProtoDUNE-SP detector is a single-phase liquid argon time projection chamber with an active volume of $7.2\times 6.0\times 6.9$~m$^3$. It is installed at the CERN Neutrino Platform in a specially-constructed beam that delivers charged pions, kaons, protons, muons and electrons with momenta in the range 0.3~GeV$/c$ to 7~GeV/$c$. Beam line instrumentation provides accurate momentum measurements and particle identification. The ProtoDUNE-SP detector is a prototype for the first far detector module of the Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment, and it incorporates full-size components as designed for that module. This paper describes the beam line, the time projection chamber, the photon detectors, the cosmic-ray tagger, the signal processing and particle reconstruction. It presents the first results on ProtoDUNE-SP's performance, including noise and gain measurements, $dE/dx$ calibration for muons, protons, pions and electrons, drift electron lifetime measurements, and photon detector noise, signal sensitivity and time resolution measurements. The measured values meet or exceed the specifications for the DUNE far detector, in several cases by large margins. ProtoDUNE-SP's successful operation starting in 2018 and its production of large samples of high-quality data demonstrate the effectiveness of the single-phase far detector design.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Instrumentation
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2600/2610
Subjects:
ID Code:
149686
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
07 Dec 2020 11:40
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
01 Dec 2021 12:09