Information-Based Hierarchical Planning for a Mobile Sensing Network in Environmental Mapping

Li, T. and Tong, K. and Xia, M. and Li, B. and De Silva, C.W. (2020) Information-Based Hierarchical Planning for a Mobile Sensing Network in Environmental Mapping. IEEE Systems Journal, 14 (2). pp. 1692-1703. ISSN 1932-8184

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This article investigates the problem of information-based sampling design and path planning for a mobile sensing network to predict scalar fields of monitored environments. A hierarchical framework with a built-in Gaussian Markov random field model is proposed to provide adaptive sampling for efficient field reconstruction. In the proposed framework, a nonmyopic planner is operated at a sink to navigate the mobile sensing agents in the field to the sites that are most informative. Meanwhile, a myopic planner is carried out on board each agent. A tradeoff between computationally intensive global optimization and efficient local greedy search is incorporated into the system. The mobile sensing agents can be scheduled online through an anytime algorithm to visit and observe the high-information sites. Experiments on both synthetic and real-world datasets are used to demonstrate the feasibility and efficiency of the proposed planner in model exploitation and adaptive sampling for environmental field mapping.

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Journal Article
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IEEE Systems Journal
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07 Dec 2020 12:20
Last Modified:
11 May 2022 07:07