MnO2-decorated N-doped carbon nanotube with boosted activity for low-temperature oxidation of formaldehyde

Peng, Shuai and Yang, Xixian and Strong, James and Sarkar, Binoy and Jiang, Qiang and Peng, Feng and Liu, Defei and Wang, Hailong (2020) MnO2-decorated N-doped carbon nanotube with boosted activity for low-temperature oxidation of formaldehyde. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 396. ISSN 0304-3894

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Abstract

Low-temperature oxidative degradation of formaldehyde (HCHO) using non-noble metal catalysts is challenging. Herein, novel manganese dioxide (MnO2)/N-doped carbon nanotubes (NCNT) composites were prepared with varying MnO2 content. The surface properties and morphologies were analyzed using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM). Comparing with MnO2/carbon nanotubes (CNTs) catalyst, the 40% MnO2/NCNT exhibited much better activity and selectivity for HCHO oxidation, mineralizing 95% of HCHO (at 100 ppm) into CO2 at 30 °C at a gas hourly space velocity (GHSV) of 30,000 mL h-1  g-1. Density functional theory (DFT) calculation was used to analyze the difference in the catalytic activity of MnO2 with CNTs and NCNT carrier. It was confirmed that the oxygen on NCNT was more active than CNTs, which facilitated the regeneration of MnO2. This resulted in remarkably boosted activity for HCHO oxidation. The present work thus exploited an inexpensive approach to enhance the catalytic activity of transition metal oxides via depositing them on a suitable support.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Hazardous Materials
Additional Information:
This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Hazardous Materials. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Hazardous Materials, 396, 2020 DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2020.122750
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2300/2311
Subjects:
ID Code:
143657
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
01 May 2020 13:25
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
05 Sep 2020 06:20