Heat and Work Along Individual Trajectories of a Quantum Bit

Naghiloo, M. and Tan, D. and Harrington, P.M. and Alonso, J.J. and Lutz, E. and Romito, A. and Murch, K.W. (2020) Heat and Work Along Individual Trajectories of a Quantum Bit. Physical review letters, 124 (11): 110604. ISSN 1079-7114

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We use a near quantum limited detector to experimentally track individual quantum state trajectories of a driven qubit formed by the hybridization of a waveguide cavity and a transmon circuit. For each measured quantum coherent trajectory, we separately identify energy changes of the qubit as heat and work, and verify the first law of thermodynamics for an open quantum system. We further establish the consistency of these results by comparison with the master equation approach and the two-projective-measurement scheme, both for open and closed dynamics, with the help of a quantum feedback loop that compensates for the exchanged heat and effectively isolates the qubit.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Physical review letters
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© 2020 American Physical Society
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? general physics and astronomyphysics and astronomy(all) ??
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Deposited On:
15 May 2020 14:20
Last Modified:
16 Jul 2024 11:26