The occurrence of wakefieldite, a rare earth element vanadate, in the rhyolitic Joe Lott Tuff, Utah, USA

Bagiński, B. and MacDonald, R. and Belkin, H.E. and Kotowski, J. and Jokubauskas, P. and Marciniak-Maliszewska, B. (2020) The occurrence of wakefieldite, a rare earth element vanadate, in the rhyolitic Joe Lott Tuff, Utah, USA. Mineralogical Magazine, 84 (1). pp. 109-116. ISSN 0026-461X

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Abstract

The high-silica rhyolitic Joe Lott Tuff was erupted at 19.2 ± 0.4 Ma from the Mount Belknap caldera, SW Utah. Certain units in the tuff contain two species of wakefieldite, the Nd- A nd Y-dominant types. They occur in disseminated streaks and patches in association with rhodochrosite, calcite, Fe oxide, cerite-(Ce), and a Mn silicate (caryopilite?), thought to have been deposited from hydrothermal fluids. The wakefieldites contain the highest levels of As (≤15.34 wt.% As2O5) and P (≤5.7 wt.% P2O5) yet recorded in this mineral, indicating significant solid solution towards chernovite-(Y) and xenotime-(Y). Thorium levels are also unusually high (≤14.2 wt.% ThO2). The source of the hydrothermal fluid(s) is unknown but might be related to uranium mineralisation in the region, in that As, V and U are commonly associated in such deposits. © 2019 Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Mineralogical Magazine
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1900/1906
Subjects:
ID Code:
142919
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
06 Apr 2020 08:35
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
26 Sep 2020 06:29