Responses of water accumulation and solute metabolism in tomato fruit to water scarcity and implications for main fruit quality variables

Hou, X. and Zhang, W. and Du, T. and Kang, S. and Davies, W.J. (2020) Responses of water accumulation and solute metabolism in tomato fruit to water scarcity and implications for main fruit quality variables. Journal of Experimental Botany, 71 (4). pp. 1249-1264. ISSN 0022-0957

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Abstract

Fruit is important for human health, and applying deficit irrigation in fruit production is a strategy to regulate fruit quality and support environmental sustainability. Responses of different fruit quality variables to deficit irrigation have been widely documented, and much progress has been made in understanding the mechanisms of these responses. We review the effects of water shortage on fruit water accumulation considering water transport from the parent plant into the fruit determined by hydraulic properties of the pathway (including xylem water transport and transmembrane water transport regulated by aquaporins) and the driving force for water movement. We discuss water relations and solute metabolism that affect the main fruit quality variables (e.g. size, flavour, nutrition, and firmness) at the cellular level under water shortage. We also summarize the most recent advances in the understanding of responses of the main fruit quality variables to water shortage, considering the effects of variety, the severity of water deficit imposed, and the developmental stage of the fruit. We finally identify knowledge gaps and suggest avenues for future research. This review provides new insights into the stress physiology of fleshy fruit, which will be beneficial for the sustainable production of high-quality fruit under deficit irrigation.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Experimental Botany
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1300/1314
Subjects:
ID Code:
142552
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
08 Sep 2020 11:50
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
18 Sep 2020 05:22