Commissioning of the electron injector for the AWAKE experiment

Kim, S.-Y. and Doebert, S. and Apsimon, O. and Apsimon, R. and Burt, G. and Dayyani, M. and Gessner, S. and Gorgisyan, I. and Granados, E. and Mazzoni, S. and Moody, J.T. and Turner, M. and Williamson, B. and Chung, M. (2020) Commissioning of the electron injector for the AWAKE experiment. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, 953. ISSN 0168-9002

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Abstract

The advanced wakefield experiment (AWAKE) at CERN is the first proton beam-driven plasma wakefield acceleration experiment. The main goal of AWAKE RUN 1 was to demonstrate seeded self-modulation (SSM) of the proton beam and electron witness beam acceleration in the plasma wakefield. For the AWAKE experiment, a 10-meter-long Rubidium-vapor cell together with a high-power laser for ionization was used to generate the plasma. The plasma wakefield is driven by a 400 GeV/c proton beam extracted from the super proton synchrotron (SPS), which undergoes a seeded self-modulation process in the plasma. The electron witness beam used to probe the wakefields is generated from an S-band RF photo-cathode gun and then accelerated by a booster structure up to energies between 16 and 20 MeV. The first run of the AWAKE experiment revealed that the maximum energy gain after the plasma cell is 2 GeV, and the SSM mechanism of the proton beam was verified. In this paper, we will present the details of the AWAKE electron injector. A comparison of the measured electron beam parameters, such as beam size, energy, and normalized emittance, with the simulation results was performed.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3100/3106
Subjects:
ID Code:
139705
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
19 Dec 2019 10:15
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
16 Sep 2020 06:02