Non-Hermitian defect states from lifetime differences

Bosch, Marti and Malzard, Simon and Hentschel, Martina and Schomerus, Henning (2019) Non-Hermitian defect states from lifetime differences. Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, 100. ISSN 2469-9926

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Abstract

Non-Hermitian systems provide new avenues to create topological defect states. An unresolved general question is how much the formation of these states depends on asymmetric backscattering, be it nonreciprocal as in the non-Hermitian skin effect or reciprocal as encountered between the internal states of asymmetric microresonators. Here, we demonstrate in a concrete, practically accessible setting of a lossy coupled-resonator optical waveguide that non-Hermitian defect states can exist in open optical systems due to lifetime differences, without the need for asymmetric backscattering within or between the individual resonators. We apply our findings to a finite system of coupled circular resonators perturbed by nanoparticles, following the concept of creating an interface by inverting the position of the nanoparticles in half of the chain. We compare a coupled-mode tight-binding approximation to full-wave numerical simulations, showing that spectrally isolated defect states can indeed be implemented in this simple non-Hermitian photonic device.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Additional Information:
© 2019 American Physical Society
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3100/3107
Subjects:
ID Code:
139382
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
05 Dec 2019 16:30
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
22 Oct 2020 06:28