An ALMA survey of the SCUBA-2 Cosmology Legacy Survey UKIDSS/UDS field:high-resolution dust continuum morphologies and the link between sub-millimetre galaxies and spheroid formation

Gullberg, B. and Smail, I. and Swinbank, A. M. and Dudzeviciute, U. and Stach, S. M. and Thomson, A. P. and Almaini, O. and Chen, C. C. and Conselice, C. and Cooke, E. A. and Farrah, D. and Ivison, R. J. and Maltby, D. and Michalowski, M. J. and Simpson, J. M. and Scott, D. and Wardlow, J. L. and Weiss, A. (2019) An ALMA survey of the SCUBA-2 Cosmology Legacy Survey UKIDSS/UDS field:high-resolution dust continuum morphologies and the link between sub-millimetre galaxies and spheroid formation. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 490 (4). pp. 4956-4974. ISSN 0035-8711

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Abstract

We present an analysis of the morphology and profiles of the dust continuum emission in 153 bright sub-millimetre galaxies (SMGs) detected with ALMA at S/N ratios of $>8$ in high-resolution $0.18''$ ($\sim1$kpc) 870$\mu$m maps. We measure sizes, shapes and light profiles for the rest-frame far-infrared emission from these luminous star-forming systems and derive a median effective radius ($R_e$) of $0.10''\pm0.04''$ for our sample with a median flux of $S_{870}=5.6\pm0.2$mJy. We find that the apparent axial ratio ($b/a$) distribution of the SMGs peaks at $b/a\sim0.63\pm0.24$ and is best described by triaxial morphologies, while their emission profiles are best fit by a Sersic model with $n\simeq1.0\pm0.1$, similar to exponential discs. This combination of triaxiality and $n\sim1$ Sersic index are characteristic of bars and we suggest that the bulk of the 870$\mu$m dust continuum emission in the central $\sim2$kpc of these galaxies arises from bar-like structures. By stacking our 870$\mu$m maps we recover faint extended dust continuum emission on $\sim4$kpc scales which contributes $13\pm1$% of the total 870$\mu$m emission. The scale of this extended emission is similar to that seen for the molecular gas and rest-frame optical light in these systems, suggesting that it represents an extended dust and gas disc at radii larger than the more active bar component. Including this component in our estimated size of the sources we derive a typical effective radius of $\simeq0.15''\pm0.05''$ or $1.2\pm0.4$kpc. Our results suggest that kpc-scale bars are ubiquitous features of high star-formation rate systems at $z\gg1$, while these systems also contain fainter and more extended gas and stellar envelopes. We suggest that these features, seen some $10-12$Gyrs ago, represent the formation phase of the earliest galactic-scale components: stellar bulges.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Additional Information:
This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version B Gullberg, Ian Smail, A M Swinbank, U Dudzevičiūtė, S M Stach, A P Thomson, O Almaini, C C Chen, C Conselice, E A Cooke, D Farrah, R J Ivison, D Maltby, M J Michałowski, J M Simpson, D Scott, J L Wardlow, A Weiss, An ALMA survey of the SCUBA-2 Cosmology Legacy Survey UKIDSS/UDS field: high-resolution dust continuum morphologies and the link between sub-millimetre galaxies and spheroid formation, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 490, Issue 4, December 2019, Pages 4956–4974, https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stz2835 is available online at: https://academic.oup.com/mnras/article/490/4/4956/5587003
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1900/1912
Subjects:
ID Code:
138098
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
25 Oct 2019 09:25
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
26 May 2020 08:21