Effect of support redox character on catalytic performance in the gas phase hydrogenation of benzaldehyde and nitrobenzene over supported gold

Li, Maoshuai and Wang, Xiaodong and Cardenas-Lizana, Fernando and Keane, Mark A. (2017) Effect of support redox character on catalytic performance in the gas phase hydrogenation of benzaldehyde and nitrobenzene over supported gold. Catalysis Today, 279. pp. 19-28. ISSN 0920-5861

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Abstract

A range of oxides (γ-Al2O3, TiO2, ZrO2, CeO2, α-Fe2O3 and Fe3O4) with different redox properties were used to support nano-scale (mean = 2–8 nm) Au and employed in the gas phase hydrogenation of benzaldehyde and nitrobenzene. The catalysts were subjected to TPR, H2/O2 titration, H2 TPD, XRD, TEM/STEM and XPS analysis. The supported Au phase promoted partial reduction of the reducible supports through the action of spillover hydrogen (based on TPD), which generated surface oxygen vacancies (demonstrated by O2 titration) that inhibit Au particle sintering during catalyst activation. Electron transfer to generate charged Au species (determined by XPS) correlates with support ionisation potential. Higher nitrobenzene hydrogenation (to aniline) TOFs were recorded relative to benzaldehyde where rate increased with decreasing Au size (from 8 to 4 nm) with measurably lower TOF over Au <3 nm. Strong binding of CHO and NO2 functions to oxygen vacancies resulted in lower hydrogenation rates. Higher temperatures (>413 K) promoted benzaldehyde hydrogenolysis to toluene and benzene. The formation of Auδ− on non-reducible Al2O3 favoured selective reduction of CHO with full selectivity to benzyl alcohol at 413 K.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Catalysis Today
Additional Information:
This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Catalysis Today. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Catalysis Today, 279, 1, 2003 DOI: 10.1016/j.cattod.2016.06.030
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1500/1503
Subjects:
ID Code:
136875
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
24 Sep 2019 16:05
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
20 Sep 2020 05:44