Halogen (Cl, F) release during explosive, effusive, and intrusive phases of the 2011 rhyolitic eruption at Cordón Caulle volcano (Chile)

Schipper, C. Ian and Castro, Jonathan and Kennedy, Ben and Christenson, Bruce and Aiuppa, Alessandro and Alloway, Brent and Forte, Pablo and Seropian, Gilles and Tuffen, Hugh (2019) Halogen (Cl, F) release during explosive, effusive, and intrusive phases of the 2011 rhyolitic eruption at Cordón Caulle volcano (Chile). Volcanica, 2 (1). pp. 73-90. ISSN 2610-3540

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Abstract

We investigate sulphur, chlorine and fluorine release during explosive, effusive and intrusive phases the 2011 Cordón Caulle eruption, with a focus on halogen devolatilization. Petrological analysis shows halogen release to have been promoted by isobaric crystallization in slowly-cooled magma that was emplaced in a lava flow and sub-vent intrusion. Fluorine in particular mobilized only after extensive groundmass crystallization and incipient devitrification. By 2017, the gas emitted from vent-proximal fumaroles had hydrothermal compositions, with HCl/HF ratios decreasing with decreasing temperature. We estimate that the eruption could eventually emit up to 0.84 Mt of SO2, 6.3 Mt of HCl, and 1.9 Mt of HF, but only ~7% and ~2% of total HCl and HF were emitted during explosive phases, and significant halogens are yet to be released from the intrusion. Halogen devolatilization and its associated hazards can persist long after the cessation of rhyolite eruptions with complex magma emplacement mechanisms.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Volcanica
ID Code:
136439
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
02 Sep 2019 09:05
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
29 Sep 2020 04:58