Nonintrusive Depth Estimation of Buried Radioactive Wastes using Ground Penetrating Radar and a Gamma Ray Detector

Ukaegbu, Ikechukwu and Akurugoda Gamage, Kelum and Aspinall, Michael Douglas (2019) Nonintrusive Depth Estimation of Buried Radioactive Wastes using Ground Penetrating Radar and a Gamma Ray Detector. Remote Sensing, 11 (2). ISSN 2072-4292

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Abstract

This study reports on the combination of data from a ground penetrating radar (GPR) and a gamma ray detector for nonintrusive depth estimation of buried radioactive sources. The use of the GPR was to enable the estimation of the material density required for the calculation of the depth of the source from the radiation data. Four different models for bulk density estimation were analysed using three materials, namely: sand, gravel and soil. The results showed that the GPR was able to estimate the bulk density of the three materials with an average error of 4.5%. The density estimates were then used together with gamma ray measurements to successfully estimate the depth of a 658 kBq caesium-137 radioactive source buried in each of the three materials investigated. However, a linear correction factor needs to be applied to the depth estimates due to the deviation of the estimated depth from the measured depth as the depth increases. This new application of GPR will further extend the possible fields of application of this ubiquitous geophysical tool.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Remote Sensing
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1900
Subjects:
ID Code:
130469
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
10 Jan 2019 15:15
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
20 Sep 2020 05:18