Oculomotor and inhibitory control in dyslexia

Wilcockson, Thomas and Mardanbegi, Diako and Sawyer, Peter Harvey and Gellersen, Hans-Werner Georg and Xia, Baiqiang and Crawford, Trevor Jeremy (2019) Oculomotor and inhibitory control in dyslexia. Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience, 12. ISSN 1662-5137

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Abstract

Previous research has suggested that people with dyslexia may have an impairment of inhibitory control. The oculomotor system is vulnerable to interference at various levels of the system, from high level cognitive control to peripheral neural pathways. Therefore, in this work we examined two forms of oculomotor inhibition and two forms of oculomotor interference at high and low levels of the control system. This study employed a prosaccade, antisaccade, and a recent distractor eye movement task (akin to a spatial negative priming) in order to explore high level cognitive control and the inhibition of a competing distractor. To explore low-level control we examined the frequency of microsaccades and post-saccade oscillations. The findings demonstrated that dyslexics have an impairment of volitional inhibitory control, reflected in the antisaccade task. In contrast, inhibitory control at the location of a competing distractor was equivalent in the dyslexic and non-dyslexic groups. There was no difference in the frequency of microsaccades between the two groups. However, the dyslexic group generated larger microsaccades prior to the target onset in the prosaccade and the antisaccade tasks. The groups did not differ in the frequency or in the morphology of the post-saccade oscillations. These findings reveal that the word reading and attentional difficulties of dyslexic readers cannot be attributed to an impairment in the inhibition of a visual distractor or interference from low-level oculomotor instability. We propose that the inhibitory impairment in dyslexia occurs at a higher cognitive level, perhaps in relation to the process of attentional disengagement.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2800/2801
Subjects:
ID Code:
129677
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
12 Dec 2018 14:38
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
29 Sep 2020 04:41