Risk of exposure to air pollution among British children with and without intellectual disabilities

Emerson, Eric and Robertson, Janet and Hatton, Chris and Baines, Susie (2019) Risk of exposure to air pollution among British children with and without intellectual disabilities. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 63 (2). pp. 161-167. ISSN 0964-2633

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Exposure to outdoor air pollution is a well-established risk factor for a range of adverse health conditions. No previous study has quantified the extent to which children with intellectual disability (ID) may be exposed to outdoor air pollution. METHODS: Secondary analysis of data extracted from the UK's Millennium Cohort Study, a nationally representative sample of over 18 000 UK children born 2000-2002. RESULTS: Averaging across ages, children with IDs were 33% more likely to live in areas with high levels of diesel particulate matter, 30% more likely to live in areas with high levels of nitrogen dioxide, 30% more likely to live in areas with high levels of carbon monoxide and 17% more likely to live in areas with high levels of sulphur dioxide. CONCLUSIONS: Levels of exposure to outdoor air pollution among children with ID are significantly higher than those of families of children without ID. Exposure to outdoor air pollution may be one of the pathways that contributes to the health inequities experienced by people with IDs.

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research
Additional Information: © 2018 MENCAP and International Association of the Scientific Study of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Uncontrolled Keywords: /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2800/2808
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Health and Medicine > Health Research
ID Code: 129309
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 23 Jan 2019 14:35
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2019 05:00
URI: https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/129309

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