Kormanyos, Andor and Schomerus, Henning (2006) Superconducting terminals as sensitive probes for scarred states. Physical Review Letters, 97 (12). p. 124102. ISSN 1079-7114Full text not available from this repository.
When a quantum-chaotic normal conductor is coupled to a superconductor, the random-matrix theory (RMT) predicts that a gap opens up in the excitation spectrum which is of universal size E_g^RMT approx 0.3 hbar/tD, where tD is the mean scattering time between Andreev reflections. We show that a scarred state of long lifetime tS>>tD suppresses the excitation gap over a window Delta E approx 2E_g^RMT which can be much larger than the narrow resonance width Gamma_S=hbar/tS of the scar in the normal system. The minimal value of the excitation gap within this window is given by Gamma_S/2<<E_g^RMT. Via this suppression of the gap to a nonuniversal value, the scarred state can be detected over a much larger energy range than it is in the case when the superconducting terminal is replaced by a normal one.
|Journal or Publication Title:||Physical Review Letters|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QC Physics|
|Departments:||Faculty of Science and Technology > Physics|
|Deposited By:||Dr Henning Schomerus|
|Deposited On:||16 Oct 2007|
|Last Modified:||26 Jul 2012 18:14|
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