Patients' perceptions and experiences of cardiovascular disease and diabetes prevention programmes:A systematic review and framework synthesis using the Theoretical Domains Framework

Shaw, Rachel L. and Holland, Carol and Pattison, Helen M. and Cooke, Richard (2016) Patients' perceptions and experiences of cardiovascular disease and diabetes prevention programmes:A systematic review and framework synthesis using the Theoretical Domains Framework. Social Science and Medicine, 156. pp. 192-203. ISSN 0277-9536

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Abstract

BACKGROUND This review provides a worked example of ‘best fit’ framework synthesis using the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) of health psychology theories as an a priori framework in the synthesis of qualitative evidence. Framework synthesis works best with ‘policy urgent’ questions. OBJECTIVE The review question selected was: what are patients' experiences of prevention programmes for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes? The significance of these conditions is clear: CVD claims more deaths worldwide than any other; diabetes is a risk factor for CVD and leading cause of death. METHOD A systematic review and framework synthesis were conducted. This novel method for synthesizing qualitative evidence aims to make health psychology theory accessible to implementation science and advance the application of qualitative research findings in evidence-based healthcare. RESULTS Findings from 14 original studies were coded deductively into the TDF and subsequently an inductive thematic analysis was conducted. Synthesized findings produced six themes relating to: knowledge, beliefs, cues to (in)action, social influences, role and identity, and context. A conceptual model was generated illustrating combinations of factors that produce cues to (in)action. This model demonstrated interrelationships between individual (beliefs and knowledge) and societal (social influences, role and identity, context) factors. CONCLUSION Several intervention points were highlighted where factors could be manipulated to produce favourable cues to action. However, a lack of transparency of behavioural components of published interventions needs to be corrected and further evaluations of acceptability in relation to patient experience are required. Further work is needed to test the comprehensiveness of the TDF as an a priori framework for ‘policy urgent’ questions using ‘best fit’ framework synthesis.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Social Science and Medicine
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3300/3306
Subjects:
ID Code:
90205
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
09 Feb 2018 08:52
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
23 Sep 2020 04:02