Drone-Aided Communication as a Key Enabler for 5G and Resilient Public Safety Networks

Naqvi, Syed Ahsan Raza and Hassan, Syed Ali and Pervaiz, Haris and Ni, Qiang (2018) Drone-Aided Communication as a Key Enabler for 5G and Resilient Public Safety Networks. IEEE Communications Magazine, 56 (1). pp. 36-42. ISSN 0163-6804

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Wireless networks comprising unmanned aerial vehicles can offer limited connectivity in a cost-effective manner to disaster-struck regions where terrestrial infrastructure might have been damaged. While these drones offer advantages such as rapid deployment to far-flung areas, their operations may be rendered ineffective by the absence of an adequate energy management strategy. This article considers the multi-faceted applications of these platforms and the challenges thereof in the networks of the future. In addition to providing an overview of the work done by researchers in determining the features of the air-to-ground channel, the article explores the use of drones in fields as diverse as military surveillance and network rehabilitation for disaster-struck areas. It also presents a case study that envisages a scenario in which drones operate alongside conventional wireless infrastructure, thereby allowing a greater number of users to establish a line-of-sight link for communication. This study investigates a power allocation strategy for the microwave base station and the small base stations operating at 28 GHz frequency band. The self-adaptive power control strategy for drones is dependent on the maximum allowable interference threshold and minimum data rate requirements. This study highlights the importance of incorporating the drones in the multi-tier heterogeneous network to extend the network coverage and capacity.

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Journal Article
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IEEE Communications Magazine
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16 Jan 2018 16:20
Last Modified:
10 Jan 2024 00:23