Graph Partitioning Methods for Fast Parallel Quantum Molecular Dynamics

Djidjev, Hristo N. and Hahn, Georg and Mniszewski, Susan M. and Negre, Christian F. A. and Niklasson, Anders M. N. and Sardeshmukh, Vivek B. (2016) Graph Partitioning Methods for Fast Parallel Quantum Molecular Dynamics. In: 2016 Proceedings of the Seventh SIAM Workshop on Combinatorial Scientific Computing. SIAM PUBLICATIONS, pp. 42-51. ISBN 9781611974690

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We study a graph partitioning problem motivated by the simulation of the physical movement of multi-body systems on an atomistic level, where the forces are calculated from a quantum mechanical description of the electrons. Several advanced algorithms have been published in the literature for such simulations that are based on evaluations of matrix polynomials. We aim at efficiently parallelizing these computations by using a special type of graph partitioning. For this, we represent the zero-nonzero structure of a thresholded matrix as a graph and partition that graph into several components. The matrix polynomial is then evaluated for each separate submatrix corresponding to the subgraphs and the evaluated submatrix polynomials are used to assemble the final result for the full matrix polynomial. The paper provides a rigorous definition as well as a mathematical justification of this partitioning problem. We use several algorithms to compute graph partitions and experimentally evaluate their performance with respect to the quality of the partition obtained with each method and the time needed to produce it.

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15 Jan 2018 12:08
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27 Jan 2021 13:06