Methods to assess subcellular compartments of muscle in C. elegans

Gaffney, Christopher J and Bass, Joseph J and Barratt, Thomas F and Szewczyk, Nathaniel J (2014) Methods to assess subcellular compartments of muscle in C. elegans. Journal of Visualized Experiments (93). e52043. ISSN 1940-087X

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Muscle is a dynamic tissue that responds to changes in nutrition, exercise, and disease state. The loss of muscle mass and function with disease and age are significant public health burdens. We currently understand little about the genetic regulation of muscle health with disease or age. The nematode C. elegans is an established model for understanding the genomic regulation of biological processes of interest. This worm's body wall muscles display a large degree of homology with the muscles of higher metazoan species. Since C. elegans is a transparent organism, the localization of GFP to mitochondria and sarcomeres allows visualization of these structures in vivo. Similarly, feeding animals cationic dyes, which accumulate based on the existence of a mitochondrial membrane potential, allows the assessment of mitochondrial function in vivo. These methods, as well as assessment of muscle protein homeostasis, are combined with assessment of whole animal muscle function, in the form of movement assays, to allow correlation of sub-cellular defects with functional measures of muscle performance. Thus, C. elegans provides a powerful platform with which to assess the impact of mutations, gene knockdown, and/or chemical compounds upon muscle structure and function. Lastly, as GFP, cationic dyes, and movement assays are assessed non-invasively, prospective studies of muscle structure and function can be conducted across the whole life course and this at present cannot be easily investigated in vivo in any other organism.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Visualized Experiments
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2800
Subjects:
ID Code:
89469
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
05 Jan 2018 15:48
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
07 Jan 2020 05:43