Local loss and spatial homogenization of plant biodiversity reduce ecosystem multifunctionality

Hautier, Yann and Isbell, Forest and Borer, Elizabeth T. and Lind, Eric M. and MacDougall, Andrew S. and Stevens, Carly Joanne and Bakker, Jonathan D. and Brudvig, Lars A. and Buckley, Y. and Cadotte, Marc W. and Caldeira, Maria and Chaneton, Enrique J. and Chu, Chengjin and Daleo, Pedro and Dickman, Chris R. and Dwyer, J.M. and Eskelinen, A. and Fay, Philip A. and Firn, Jennifer and Hagenah, Nicole and Hillebrand, Helmut and Iribarne, Oscar and Kirkman, Kevin P. and Knops, Johannes M. H. and La Pierre, Kimberly J. and McCulley, Rebecca L. and Morgan, J.W. and Pärtel, M and Pascual, J and Price, N and Prober, Suzanne M. and Risch, Anita C. and Sankaran, Mahesh and Schuetz, Martin and Standish, R.J. and Virtanen, R and Wardle, Glenda M. and Yahdjian, L. and Hector, Andy (2017) Local loss and spatial homogenization of plant biodiversity reduce ecosystem multifunctionality. Nature Ecology and Evolution, 2. pp. 50-56.

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Biodiversity is declining in many local communities while also becoming increasingly homogenized across space. Experiments show that local plant species loss reduces ecosystem functioning and services, but the role of spatial homogenization of community composition and the potential interaction between diversity at different scales in maintaining ecosystem functioning remains unclear, especially when many functions are considered (ecosystem multifunctionality). We present an analysis of eight ecosystem functions measured in 65 grasslands worldwide. We find that more diverse grasslands—those with both species-rich local communities (α-diversity) and large compositional differences among localities (β-diversity)—had higher levels of multifunctionality. Moreover, α- and β-diversity synergistically affected multifunctionality, with higher levels of diversity at one scale amplifying the contribution to ecological functions at the other scale. The identity of species influencing ecosystem functioning differed among functions and across local communities, explaining why more diverse grasslands maintained greater functionality when more functions and localities were considered. These results were robust to variation in environmental drivers. Our findings reveal that plant diversity, at both local and landscape scales, contributes to the maintenance of multiple ecosystem services provided by grasslands. Preserving ecosystem functioning therefore requires conservation of biodiversity both within and among ecological communities.

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Journal Article
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Nature Ecology and Evolution
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This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in Nature Ecology & Evolution. The definitive publisher-authenticated version Local loss and spatial homogenization of plant diversity reduce ecosystem multifunctionality Yann Hautier, Forest Isbell, […]Andy Hector Nature Ecology & Evolution 2, 50–56 (2017) is available online at: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41559-017-0395-0
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15 Dec 2017 16:38
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17 Sep 2023 02:11