Spatial statistical modelling of capillary non-perfusion in the retina

MacCormick, Ian J C and Zheng, Yalin and Czanner, Silvester and Zhao, Yitian and Diggle, Peter J and Harding, Simon P and Czanner, Gabriela (2017) Spatial statistical modelling of capillary non-perfusion in the retina. Scientific Reports, 7 (1). ISSN 2045-2322

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Abstract

Manual grading of lesions in retinal images is relevant to clinical management and clinical trials, but it is time-consuming and expensive. Furthermore, it collects only limited information - such as lesion size or frequency. The spatial distribution of lesions is ignored, even though it may contribute to the overall clinical assessment of disease severity, and correspond to microvascular and physiological topography. Capillary non-perfusion (CNP) lesions are central to the pathogenesis of major causes of vision loss. Here we propose a novel method to analyse CNP using spatial statistical modelling. This quantifies the percentage of CNP-pixels in each of 48 sectors and then characterises the spatial distribution with goniometric functions. We applied our spatial approach to a set of images from patients with malarial retinopathy, and found it compares favourably with the raw percentage of CNP-pixels and also with manual grading. Furthermore, we were able to quantify a biological characteristic of macular CNP in malaria that had previously only been described subjectively: clustering at the temporal raphe. Microvascular location is likely to be biologically relevant to many diseases, and so our spatial approach may be applicable to a diverse range of pathological features in the retina and other organs.

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: Scientific Reports
Uncontrolled Keywords: /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1000
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Health and Medicine > Medicine
ID Code: 89187
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 14 Dec 2017 09:16
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 30 Sep 2019 20:34
URI: https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/89187

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