T-helper cell type 2 (Th2) memory T cell-potentiating cytokine IL-25 has the potential to promote angiogenesis in asthma

Corrigan, Chris J. and Wang, Wei and Meng, Qiu and Fang, Cailong and Wu, Huifen and Reay, Victoria and Lv, Ze and Fan, Yiqiang and An, Yunqing and Wang, Yui-Hsi and Liu, Yong-Jun and Lee, Tak H. and Ying, Sun (2011) T-helper cell type 2 (Th2) memory T cell-potentiating cytokine IL-25 has the potential to promote angiogenesis in asthma. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108 (4). pp. 1579-1584. ISSN 0027-8424

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IL-25 (IL-17E) is a T-helper cell type 2 (Th2) cytokine best described as a potentiator of Th2 memory responses. Reports of expression of its receptor, IL-25R, on airways structural cells suggest a wider role for IL-25 in remodeling. We hypothesized that IL-25 stimulates local angiogenesis in the asthmatic bronchial mucosa. Immunoreactive IL-25(+), IL-25R(+), and CD31(+) (endothelial) cells in sections of bronchial biopsies from asthmatics and controls were detected by immunohistochemistry. The effect of IL-25 on angiogenesis was examined using an in vitro assay. Real-time PCR was used to detect expression of IL-25R and VEGF mRNA in cultured human vascular endothelial cells (HUVEC), and a cell proliferation kit (WST-8) was used to measure the effect of IL-25 on HUVEC proliferation. Immunostaining showed that IL-25(+), IL-25R(+), and CD31(+)/IL-25R(+) cells were significantly elevated in the bronchial mucosa of asthmatics compared with controls (P <0.003). In asthmatics, the numbers of IL-25(+) cells correlated inversely with the forced expiratory volume in 1 s (r = -0.639; P = 0.01). In vitro, HUVEC constitutively expressed IL-25R, which was up-regulated further by TNF-alpha. IL-25 and TNF-alpha also increased expression of VEGF and VEGF receptors. IL-25 increased HUVEC proliferation and the number, length, and area of microvessel structures in a concentration-dependent manner in vitro. VEGF blockade, the PI3K-specific inhibitor LY294002, and the MAPK/ERK1/2 (MEK1/2)-specific inhibitor U0126 all markedly attenuated IL-25-induced angiogenesis, and the inhibitors also reduced IL-25-induced proliferation and VEGF expression. Our findings suggest that IL-25 is elevated in asthma and contributes to angiogenesis, at least partly by increasing endothelial cell VEGF/VEGF receptor expression through PI3K/Akt and Erk/MAPK pathways.

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Uncontrolled Keywords: /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1000
Departments: Faculty of Health and Medicine > Medicine
ID Code: 88666
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 13 Nov 2017 12:02
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 19 Feb 2020 04:10
URI: https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/88666

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