Overt attention in contextual cuing of visual search is driven by the attentional set, but not by the predictiveness of distractors

Beesley, Tom and Hanafi, Gunadi and Vadillo, Miguel A. and Shanks, D.R. and Livesey, Evan J. (2018) Overt attention in contextual cuing of visual search is driven by the attentional set, but not by the predictiveness of distractors. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 44 (5). pp. 707-721. ISSN 0278-7393

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Abstract

Two experiments examined biases in selective attention during contextual cuing of visual search. When participants were instructed to search for a target of a particular color, overt attention (as measured by the location of fixations) was biased strongly toward distractors presented in that same color. However, when participants searched for targets that could be presented in 1 of 2 possible colors, overt attention was not biased between the different distractors, regardless of whether these distractors predicted the location of the target (repeating) or did not (randomly arranged). These data suggest that selective attention in visual search is guided only by the demands of the target detection task (the attentional set) and not by the predictive validity of the distractor elements.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition
Additional Information:
©American Psychological Association, 2018. This paper is not the copy of record and may not exactly replicate the authoritative document published in the APA journal. Please do not copy or cite without author's permission. The final article is available, upon publication, at: http://psycnet.apa.org/record/2018-13692-001
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3200/3205
Subjects:
ID Code:
88603
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
07 Nov 2017 16:22
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
01 Dec 2020 05:07